Islamic Terms – no 3
In order to understand Islam it is necessary to know the meaning of certain key terms and the identity of some proper names. Most of them are in the Arabic language, and there is often no equivalent in English or in other tongues.
This is an expression used by a Muslim when he wants to ask
Allah forgiveness. The meaning of it is: “I ask Allah
forgiveness.” A Muslim says this phrase many times, even when
he is talking to another person. When a Muslim abstains from
doing wrong, or even when he wants to prove that he is innocent
of an incident he uses this expression.
After every Salah (payer), a Muslim says this statement three
A’UZU BILLAHI MINASHAITANIR RAJIM
This is an expression and a statement that Muslims have to
recite before reading to Qur’an, before speaking, before doing any
work, before making a supplication, before taking ablution, before
entering the wash room, and before doing many other daily
activities. The meaning of this phrase is: “I seek refuge from
Allah from the outcast Satan.” Allah is the Arabic name of God.
Satan is the source of evil and he always tries to misguide and
mislead people. The Qur’an states that Satan is not an angel but a
member of the Jinn, which are spiritual beings created by Allah.
So the belief that Satan is a fallen angel is rejected in Islam.
IN SHA’ ALLAH
When a person wishes to plan for the future, when he
promises, when he makes resolutions, and when he makes a
pledge, he makes them with permission and the will of Allah. For
this reason, a Muslim uses the Qur’anic instructions by saying
“In Sha ‘ Allah.” The meaning of this statement is: “If Allah
wills.” Muslims are to strive hard and to put their trusts with
Allah. They leave the results in the hands of Allah.
MA SHA’ ALLAH
This is an expression that Muslims say whenever they are
excited and surprised. When they wish to express their
happiness, they use such an expression. The meaning of “Ma
sha’ Allah” is: “Whatever Allah wants.” or “Whatever Allah
wants to give, He gives.” This means that whenever Allah gives
something good to someone, blesses him, honors him, and opens
the door of success in business, a Muslim says this statement of
“Ma Sha’ Allah.”
It has become a tradition that whenever a person constructs a
building, a house, or an office, he puts a plaque on the wall or the
entrance with this statement. It is a sign of thanks and
appreciation from the person to Almighty Allah for whatever he
was blessed with.
This is a statement of truth that a Muslim says after reading
any amount of verses from the Qur’an. The meaning of it is:
“Allah says the truth.”
The Qur’an is the exact words of Allah in verbatim. When Allah
speaks, He says the truth; and when the Qur’an is being recited, a
Muslim is reciting the words of truth of Allah. Hence, he says:
WA ‘ALAIKUMUS SALAM
This is an expression that a Muslim is to say as an answer for
the greeting. When a person greets another with a salutation of
peace, the answer for the greeting is an answer of peace. The
meaning of this statement is: “And upon you is the peace.” The
other expressions are: ” Wa Alaikums Salam Wa Rahmatullah.”
and “Wa ‘Alaikums Salam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.”