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Islamic Terms – no 3


In order to understand Islam it is necessary to know the meaning of certain key terms and the identity of some proper names. Most of them are in the Arabic language, and there is often no equivalent in English or in other tongues.

ASTAGHFIRULLAH
This is an expression used by a Muslim when he wants to ask

Allah forgiveness. The meaning of it is: “I ask Allah

forgiveness.” A Muslim says this phrase many times, even when

he is talking to another person. When a Muslim abstains from

doing wrong, or even when he wants to prove that he is innocent

of an incident he uses this expression.
After every Salah (payer), a Muslim says this statement three

times.

A’UZU BILLAHI MINASHAITANIR RAJIM

This is an expression and a statement that Muslims have to

recite before reading to Qur’an, before speaking, before doing any

work, before making a supplication, before taking ablution, before

entering the wash room, and before doing many other daily

activities. The meaning of this phrase is: “I seek refuge from

Allah from the outcast Satan.” Allah is the Arabic name of God.

Satan is the source of evil and he always tries to misguide and

mislead people. The Qur’an states that Satan is not an angel but a

member of the Jinn, which are spiritual beings created by Allah.

So the belief that Satan is a fallen angel is rejected in Islam.

IN SHA’ ALLAH

When a person wishes to plan for the future, when he

promises, when he makes resolutions, and when he makes a

pledge, he makes them with permission and the will of Allah. For

this reason, a Muslim uses the Qur’anic instructions by saying

“In Sha ‘ Allah.” The meaning of this statement is: “If Allah

wills.” Muslims are to strive hard and to put their trusts with

Allah. They leave the results in the hands of Allah.

MA SHA’ ALLAH
This is an expression that Muslims say whenever they are

excited and surprised. When they wish to express their

happiness, they use such an expression. The meaning of “Ma

sha’ Allah” is: “Whatever Allah wants.” or “Whatever Allah

wants to give, He gives.” This means that whenever Allah gives

something good to someone, blesses him, honors him, and opens

the door of success in business, a Muslim says this statement of

“Ma Sha’ Allah.”

It has become a tradition that whenever a person constructs a

building, a house, or an office, he puts a plaque on the wall or the

entrance with this statement. It is a sign of thanks and

appreciation from the person to Almighty Allah for whatever he

was blessed with.

SADAQALLAHUL ‘AZIM

This is a statement of truth that a Muslim says after reading

any amount of verses from the Qur’an. The meaning of it is:

“Allah says the truth.”

The Qur’an is the exact words of Allah in verbatim. When Allah

speaks, He says the truth; and when the Qur’an is being recited, a

Muslim is reciting the words of truth of Allah. Hence, he says:

“Sadaqallahul ‘Azim.”

WA ‘ALAIKUMUS SALAM
This is an expression that a Muslim is to say as an answer for

the greeting. When a person greets another with a salutation of

peace, the answer for the greeting is an answer of peace. The

meaning of this statement is: “And upon you is the peace.” The

other expressions are: ” Wa Alaikums Salam Wa Rahmatullah.”

and “Wa ‘Alaikums Salam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.”

March 12, 2008 - Posted by | Arabic, English |

1 Comment »

  1. SALAM..MA SHA’ ALLAH..HURM, IS THE WORD SUITABLE FOR DESCRIBING THIS POST? JZKK..

    Comment by sangtanah | April 16, 2009 | Reply


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