Islamic Terms – no 1
In order to understand Islam it is necessary to know the meaning of certain key terms and the identity of some proper names. Most of them are in the Arabic language, and there is often no equivalent in English or in other tongues.
AL-HAMDU LILLAHI RABBIL ‘ALAMIN
This is a verse from the Qur’an that Muslims recite and say
many times per day. Other than being recited daily during
prayers, a Muslim reads this expression in every activity of his
daily life. The meaning of it is: “Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the
A Muslim invokes the praises of Allah before he does his daily
work; and when he finishes, he thanks Allah for His favors. A
Muslim is grateful to Allah for all His blessings. It is a statement
of thanks, appreciation, and gratitude from the creature to his
This is an expression which means: “May the blessings of
Allah (be upon you).” When a Muslim wants to thank to another
person, he uses different statements to express his thanks,
appreciation, and gratitude. One of them is to say “Baraka Allah.”
INNA LILLAHI WA INNA ILAHI RAJI’UN
When a Muslim is struck with a calamity, when he loses one of
his loved ones, or when he has gone bankrupt, he should be
patient and say this statement, the meaning of which is : “We are
from Allah and to whom we are returning.”
Muslims believe that Allah is the One who gives and it is He
takes away. He is testing us. Hence, a Muslim submits himself to
Allah. He is grateful and thankful to Allah for whatever he gets.
On the other hand, he is patient and says this expression in times
of turmoil and calamity.
This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to the
person who does a favor. Instead of saying “thanks” (Shukran),
the Islamic statement of thanks is to say this phrase. Its meaning
is: ” May Allah reward you for the good.”
It is understood that human beings can’t repay one another
enough. Hence, it is better to request Almighty Allah to reward
the person who did a favor and to give him the best.
LA HAWLA WA LA QUWWATA ILLA BILLAH
The meaning of this expression is: ” There is no power and no
strength save in Allah.” This expression is read by a Muslim
when he is struck by a calamity, or is taken over by a situation
beyond his control. A Muslim puts his trust in the hands of
Allah, and submits himself to Allah.