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Doctor’s Diagnosis : Fever


DoctorDefinition-Normal body temperature varies by person, age, activity, and time of day. The average normal body temperature is 98.6°F (37°C).

Considerations

-Normal body temperature varies.

-Body temperature varies less in adults. However, a woman’s menstrual cycle can elevate temperature by one degree or more.

-Your body temperature is usually highest in the evening. It can be raised by physical activity, strong emotion, eating, heavy clothing, medications, high room temperature, and high humidity. This is especially true in children.

-A rectal temperature up to 100.4°F (38°C) may be entirely normal. A rectal temperature of 100.5°F or above should always be considered a fever. Lower values might be a fever, depending on the person.

-Fever is not an illness. Far from being an enemy, it is an important part of the body’s defense against infection. Many infants and children develop high fevers with minor viral illnesses. While a fever signals to us that a battle might be going on in the body, the fever is fighting for the person, not against.

-Most bacteria and viruses that cause infections in people thrive best at 98.6°F. Raising the temperature a few degrees can give your body the winning edge. In addition, a fever activates the body’s immune system to make more white blood cells, antibodies, and other infection-fighting agents.

-Many parents fear that fevers will cause brain damage. Brain damage from a fever generally will not occur unless the fever is over 107.6°F (42°C). Many parents also fear that untreated fevers will keep going higher and higher. Untreated fevers caused by infection will seldom go over 105°F unless the child is overdressed or trapped in a hot place.

-Some parents fear that fevers will cause seizures. For the great majority of children, this is not the case. However, febrile seizures do occur in some children. Once a child is already known to have a high fever, a febrile seizure is unlikely with the current illness. In any event, simple febrile seizures are over in moments with no lasting consequences.

-Although infections are the most common causes of elevated body temperature, fevers have a long list of other causes, including toxins, cancers, and autoimmune diseases.

-Heatstroke is a particularly dangerous type of high temperature, because the body is not able to stop the temperature from continuing to rise. It can happen when a child is left in a hot car or when you exercise too strenuously without enough to drink.

-Unexplained fevers that continue for days or weeks are called fevers of undetermined origin (FUO).


Causes

-Viral and bacterial infections

-Colds or flu-like illnesses

-Sore throats and strep throat

-Ear infections

-Viral gastroenteritis or bacterial gastroenteritis

-Acute bronchitis

-Infectious mononucleosis

-Urinary tract infections

-Upper respiratory infections (such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis or laryngitis)

-Medications (such as antibiotics, antihistamines, barbiturates, and drugs for high blood pressure)

-etc.

Home Care

-If the fever is mild and no other problems are present, no medical treatment is required. Drink fluids and rest. If a child is playful and comfortable, drinking plenty of fluids, and able to sleep, fever treatment is not likely to help.

-Take steps to lower a fever if you or your child is uncomfortable, vomiting, dehydrated, or having difficulty sleeping. The goal is to lower, not eliminate, the fever.

-When trying to reduce a fever:

  • DO NOT bundle up someone who has the chills.
  • Remove excess clothing or blankets. The environment should be comfortably cool. For example, one layer of lightweight clothing, and one lightweight blanket to sleep. If the room is hot or stuffy, a fan may help.
  • A lukewarm bath or sponge bath may help cool someone with a fever. This is especially effective after medication is given — otherwise the temperature might bounce right back up.
  • DO NOT use cold baths or alcohol rubs. These cool the skin, but often make the situation worse by causing shivering, which raises the core body temperature.
  • Drink cool liquids, as tolerated.

-Here are some guidelines for taking medicine:

  • Acetaminophen and ibuprofen help reduce fever in children and adults.
  • Take acetaminophen every 4-6 hours. It works by turning down the brain’s thermostat.
  • Aspirin is very effective for treating fever in adults. DO NOT give aspirin to children unless specifically directed by your doctor.
  • Fever medicines come in different concentrations, so always check the instructions on the package.
  • Don’t use any medicine to reduce fever in children under 3 months of age without first contacting a health care provider.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

-Call a doctor right away if:

  1. A baby less than 90 days old has a rectal temperature of 100.2°F (37.9°C) or higher.
  2. A baby 3 to 6 months old has a fever of 101°F (38.3°C) or higher.
  3. A baby 6 to 12 months old has a fever of 103°F (39.4°C) or higher.
  4. A child under age two years has a fever that lasts longer than 24 to 48 hours.
  5. A fever lasts longer than 48 to 72 hours in older children and adults.
  6. Anyone has a fever over 105°F (40.5°C), unless it comes down readily with treatment and the person is comfortable.

-There are other worrisome symptoms. For example, irritability, confusion, difficulty breathing, stiff neck, inability to move an arm or leg, or first-time seizure.

-There are other symptoms that suggest an illness may need to be treated, such as a sore throat, earache, or cough.

What to Expect at Your Office Visit

-Your doctor will perform a physical examination, which may include a detailed examination of the skin, eyes, ears, nose, throat, neck, chest, and abdomen to look for the cause of the fever. Your doctor may ask questions such as.

  • How long has the fever lasted?
  • Is it increasing? Is it increasing rapidly?
  • Has the fever gone away?
  • How many days did it take for the fever to go away?
  • & so on..

The following diagnostic tests may be performed:

  • Blood studies, such as a CBC or blood differential
  • Urinalysis
  • X-ray of the chest

————————————————————————————–

Renungan, cuba alihkan pandangan anda kepada aspek sebegini pula;

Seandainya anda melihat orang yang demam membuka weblog ini lalu membaca tentang tajuk fever seperti di atas dan dia mengira bahawa dengan membacanya dia akan dapat sembuh daripada penyakitnya, maka….. apakah yang dapat anda katakan tentang orang itu?

Tentu anda akan mengatakan bahawa orang tersebut adalah orang yang kurang waras dan harus dikirim ke rumah sakit jiwa kan? Peliklahkan orang yang macam itu?

Akan tetapi tidakkah anda sedar bahawa anda sendiri padahal sedang melakukan hal yang sama kepada sebuah buku yang dikirimkan oleh Doktor yang maha terpandai untuk menyembuhkan penyakit-penyakit anda dan juga masalah-masalah kehidupan anda?

Quran

Anda hanya membacanya sahaja dan kemudian mengira bahawa dengan membacanya begitu sahaja, semua penyakit dan masalah yang anda alami anda akan pulih dan hilang.

Anda mengira bahawa dengan membacanya sahaja, anda sudah cukup segala-galanya dan tidak perlu lagi untuk menuruti petunjuk-petunjuk yang terkandung di dalamnya, tidak pula berasa penting untuk menghindari bahaya-bahaya serta larangan seperti yang dikatakannya dan tidak mahu mengambil pengajaran yang telah diceritakannya.

Maka, mengapa anda tidak memberikan penilaian yang sama kepada diri anda sendiri?

Seperti mana yang anda telah berikan penilaian kepada orang yang telah mengira dengan membaca jenis penyakit dan rawatan seperti di atas itu atau membaca mana-mana buku perubatan sahaja adalah sudah cukup untuk menyembuhkan penyakit?

Tidakkah hal ini adalah suatu yang menghairankan?

*Source:

  1. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/fever.html
  2. Dasar-dasar Islam

February 22, 2008 - Posted by | English, Perubatan, Tazkirah | ,

1 Comment »

  1. benar..kitab Allah ini memang banyak mukjizatnya..dengan membacanya, hati boleh tenang. Jika dibaca dengan penuh kefahaman, minda kita akan terbuka dengan cerita-cerita Al-Quran.

    http://hasbimendez.blogspot.com

    Comment by hasbi | June 25, 2008 | Reply


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